75 years today, an estimated 6 million Jewish and other minorities were killed during the Holocaust. Artist Marina Amaral worked with artist Tom Marshall to colorize some of the portraits of the prisoners, some of whom did not make it.
The liberation happened on January 27, 1945, and some of the escapees’ fate, like Roman Vinzent Daniel, remains unknown till today.
Vinzent was 23 years old when the criminal police caught him in Prague and deported him to Auschwitz on April 29, 1942. The Czech staged his escape about a month later, last seen running in his underwear towards the forest. Among 23,000 Roman prisoners that was sent in, 21,000 of them died from murder or gassing.
This four-year-old was born to a Jewish father, Bela Reiner, in Hungary in 1940. In order to avoid persecution, his father converted into a Protestant and Istvan was never circumcised nor was he a practicing Jew. Istvan was later sent to the gas chambers with his grandmother and died there.
His mother, Livia, father, and half-brother, Janos who escaped, survived the camp.
Czesława Kwoka was 14 whens she was deported from home, Zamość, southeastern Poland, December 1942 with her mother. She was branded a ‘political prisoner’, which was labeled with a red P on their name tags. Her mother Katarzyna, died a little after two months there and she, a few weeks later.
Mother of Czesława, Katarzyna Kwoka, was 43 when she was deported with daughter and labeled with the same red P. They were Roman Catholics and were condemned as they don’t suppose can serve both the Fatherland and the Roman Catholic Church.
Iwas was 17 when he was deported from home in Syrowatka, modern-day Ukraine. He was also part of Greek Orthodox Church and was working as a milkman when captured. He died five months later on March 1, 1943 from a phenol injection to the heart by SS-Unterscharführer Scherpe. But his death was purposely labeled as as perinephric abscess.
Polish Jew Aron was born in 1879 in Dulowa. He worked as a merchant with wife in Zator and had bruises from mistreatment during his time in Tarnow jail. He died just five days after.
She was 24 when caught and the first female prisoner to escape and reached her hometown in Będów near Łódź. She was recaptured in 1943, but survived until the liberation in 1945.
Deliana Rademakers is a Jehovah Witnesses, a woman who refused to serve the army by faith. She was 21 when arrested in November, 1942 while preaching from door-to-door for her faith. She wrote one last letter to her congregation and family that read, “go bravely onwards without fear, Jehovah is with us, what can (mere) people do to us?”
She is among hundreds of Jehovah Witnesses who died for refusing to serve nor support the Nazis in their war efforts or saying ‘Hail Hitler’.
Jewish Salomon from Jasło was among 27 Polish Jews sent to Auschwitz for execution in the gas chamber. He died two weeks later and had his death certificate written off as stroke, a typical lie to hide the true reasons of death.
Nobert ‘Israel’ Gluszecki
He was 55 when taken to Auschwitz with his sons in April 1941. ‘Israel’ was added to his name as part of Nazi’s racial law. While he and his family converted to Catholicism, it didn’t save them and they died later.
He was an actor in 1921 and was among some who managed to escape from Auschwitz. He tried joining The Polish Army in France during WWII and was caught in 1940. He escape in 1942 and was helped by Polish women who dressed him as a woman and hid him in the attic.
He debuted as an actor in 1945 and retired in 1981 after becoming director of the Polish Theater in Warsaw. He died in July 2012.
Walter is a locksmith and was captured in 1941 as a homosexual and political prisoner. Homosexuals were among the most prosecuted with over 100,000 of them prosecuted. It’s not clear if he survived the Holocaust.
Born in 1916, Seweryna Szmaglewska is from Przygłów near Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland. She was captured by the Gestapo after running illegal education with Polish literature and was among 47 women sent to Auschwitz in 1942. She escaped months before liberation and wrote a memoir on life behind the walls of Auschwitz.
The Polish was born in November 17, 1913, in Łódź by the name Gersz Zysking. He was captured in 1942 and died less than months later.
Maria Schenker was a woman with a normal life from Cracow, Poland. She was an office clerk and was also a pianist before she was sent as a Jewish prisoner in 1942. She died four months later due to the horrible treatment and constant starvation.
Seweryn Głuszecki was a student born on 19 June 1925. No further records were found, except that he died one day after his 17th birthday in 1942.
Jozefa Glazowka was among a group of 370 people deported from the village of Sitaniec, near Zamość, her hometown, due to Aktion Zamosc. Her parents were killed while she became an experiment specimen for the doctors and was just one among many.
A hero: Pilecki was born 13 May 1901 in Olonets, Russia and intentionally got caught to infiltrate Auschwitz. He sent reports in 1941 to Western Allies on the brutality that is being experienced in the camp. He escaped three years later and joined Warsaw Uprising as a cavalry officer.
He was captured after its fall and sentenced to death in 1948 for espionage and attempted assassination of Polish officials.